Portuguese regular verbs, future tense

There are three sets of regular verbs in Portuguese

  1. those ending in ar, for example, falar, to speak
  2. those ending in er, for example, comer, to eat
  3. those ending in ir, for example, partir, to leave

Unlike the present tense, where you have to drop the ar, er and ir to get a stem, to which you add the present tense suffixes, in the future the suffixes are merely added to the infinitive. (But Portuguese being Portuguese will naturally throw in some exceptions.)

THE FUTURE TENSE

The good news is that there is one set of suffixes (or verb endings) for all three verb groups. They are -ei, -ás, -á, -emos, -ão

Falar conjugates thus:

  • eu falarei – I shall speak
  • tu falarás – you (singular, familiar) will speak
  • você/ele/ela falará – you (singular), he, she will speak
  • nós falaremos – we will speak
  • vocês/eles/elas falarão – you (plural), they will speak

Comer conjugates thus: comerei, comerás, comerá, comeremos, comerão 

Partir conjugates thus: partirei, partirás, partirá, partiremos, partirão 

EXCEPTIONS

There are three verbs in which the infinitive is not used as a stem for the future tense endings, and they have a z connection:

  • dizer (to say) – instead dir is used as a stem: direi, dirás, dirá, diremos, dirão
  • fazer (to do) – instead far is used: farei, farás, fará, faremos, farão
  • trazer (to bring) – instead trar is used: trarei, trarás, trará, traremos, trarão

 

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