Spanish subject pronouns

Note: Spanish has an informal singular “you” – – and a formal one – usted – which uses the third person just like “você” does in Portuguese. But Spanish differs in that it has masculine and feminine forms of “we” (nosotros, nosotras) and “you” plural (vosotros, vosotras). In Spain vosotros, vosotras is used informally and ustedes is used formally, but in the rest of the Spanish-speaking world usually only ustedes is used. In some parts of South America vos is used instead of .

So the subject pronouns are

Singular

  • yo  (I )
  • tú  (you, informal)
  • usted (you, formal – takes third person verb ending)
  • él (he)    ella (she)

Plural

  • nosotros (we, masculine)  nosotras (we, feminine)
  • vosotros (you, masculine, informal)   vosotras (you, feminine, informal)
  • ustedes (you, formal – takes third person verb ending)
  • ellos (they, masculine)   ellas (they, feminine)

Origin of usted: usted – is a contraction of vuestra merced (“your grace”). It uses the third person in the same way “your honour” does in English.

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