As is common in Romance languages, Italian has informal and formal ways of saying “you”. In the singular, tu is used in informal situations – when addressing someone with whom you are on first name terms with, for example – while Lei is used in more formal contexts, and is often capitalised in writing to distinguish it from lei (see below). In the plural, the formal “you” is Loro. Note that Lei and Loro take the third person verb endings.
Here are the subject pronouns
- io (I)
- tu (you, informal)
- Lei (you, formal – takes third person verb ending)
- lui (he), lei (she) *
- noi (we)
- voi (you, informal)
- Loro (you, formal – takes third person verb ending)
- loro (they)
* Another thing to remember: Italian also has two other formal pronouns, egli (he) and ella (she). These would be more commonly used in writing, in academic and formal, official texts, for example.